Colombian Caribbean region

The Caribbean region of Colombia is more continental and maritime area North of the country. It owes its name to the Caribbean Sea, which is bordered on the North.


Physically, the Caribbean region is composed of a continental plain called Caribbean coast or Atlantic waters and Colombian island Territories in the Caribbean Sea. The plain is located to the North of the Andes and ends in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta to make way for the Guajira peninsula. The region is dominated by the delta of the Magdalena river and has a coastline not very rough from the Gulf of Urabá in direction southwestern - North-East to the Gulf of Guaricha. However, there are the higher altitudes of the Colombian territory in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (colon and Bolivar peaks). Although the Caribbean region is predominantly flat, is characterized by its variety ecological, whose ecosystems ranging from the dry forest of La Guajira to the rainforest of the Gulf of Urabá region. The region is flanked by the eastern cordillera, more exactly by the Serranía de Perijá, which serves as natural limit with Venezuela.

Flora and fauna

The variety of animal and plant species found in it is very large due to the diversity of the climate of the region. Many of these species are found in via of extinction (such as manatees and guartinaja). Most predominant animals include margay, the marmoset-mico, the Macaw and several species of snakes. It should be noted that also in the rivers are species such as the fish and the Cayman.
The flora of the region is very exotic, there are unique species such as the mangrove found in large quantities in the region. In the moors of the Sierra Nevada are also frailejones; the sierra has a variety of climates, from the warm weather to a temperate climate, not far from the beach. In the seas and especially on the islands of our Lady of the Rosary near Cartagena are large coral reefs.


The main rivers of the region are the Magdalena, Cauca, Sinú, san Jorge, Cesar and the Guatapurí.