Many aspects of Colombian culture are traced back to the culture of Spain of the sixteenth century and the clash with indigenous cultures of Colombia. The Spaniards brought Catholicism, African slaves, economic system and a caste system that pulled.european born whites ahead. After independence from Spain, they wrestled with the formation of a political system between conservative and liberal ideals. The Conservatives supported the involvement of the Catholic Church in the state while the Liberals would separation of these. Conservatives succeeded in public education to address the Catholic Church and for many years the church controlled education system of the country. Both parties are involved in several civil wars resulting in a slow development of the country and the isolation of the regions until the end of the 19th century. Ethno-racial groups maintained their ancestral heritage, culture, whites tried to keep himself, despite the growing number of illegitimate children of mixed African and indigenous descent. These people were labeled with a number of descriptive names, derived from the caste system, such as mulatto and Moreno. Blacks and indigenous people of Colombia mixed and also creating this new ethno-racial group in society. This mixx also provide a fusion of cultures.
The introduction of the bill of rights for women and the abolition of slavery in 1850 decreased the tension between the races, but the dominance of the whites prevailed and prevails to some extent to this day.
Carnivals for example was an opportunity for all classes and colors to come together without prejudice.
Surveys show that about 90% of Colombians are Roman Catholic. But Colombians are remarkable for their acceptance of other faiths. And sexual orientation is based on the simple principle of "no harm". Whom follows the directive is tolerated and welcome.